About the Author: Ruth, Munshi Premchand
Munshi Premchand (July 31, 1880-October 8, 1936) (pen name: Premchand) was one of the greatest literary figures of modern Hindi and Urdu literature. Born as Dhanpat Rai Srivastava in Lamahi near Varanasi, his father worked as clerk in a post office. But his parents died young - his mother when he was seven and his father while he was fourteen and still a student. He was left responsible for his stepmother and step-siblings.
His first novella, Asrar e Ma'abid was first published in Awaz-e-Khalq, an Urdu Weekly, after which he became associated with an Urdu magazine Zamana, writing columns on national and international events. The writer is mainly recognised for his creations that always contained a social message and raised voice against the social evils pertaining in the Indian society. His creations brought the era of realism in the Indian literature at that time, when only fantasy fictions and religious writings were dominating it.
Premchand embodied the social purpose and social criticism in his characters that are subjected to the different circumstances and act accordingly. The great novelist is ranked among the greatest authors of the 20th century in India.
Early in life, he faced immense poverty, earning a meagre five rupees a month tutoring a lawyer's child. He passed matriculation exams with great effort and took up a teaching position, with a monthly salary of eighteen rupees.
Later, Dhanpat Rai worked as the deputy sub-inspector of schools in what was then the United Provinces.
Initially, Premchand wrote in Urdu under the name of Nawabrai.
However, when the British confiscated his novel Soz-e-Watan, he started writing under the pseudonym Premchand.
Before Premchand, Hindi literature consisted mainly of fantasy or religious works. Premchand brought realism to Hindi literature
|Book:||Shroud - Penguin Evergreen|
|Publisher:||Penguin Books India|
|Number of Pages:||152|
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