Book may have numerous typos, missing text, images, or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1901. Excerpt: ... TRACT BABA METZIA (MIDDLE GATE). CHAPTER V. RULES AND REGULATIONS CONCERNING USURY IMPRISONMENT, RENTING HOUSES, INSTALMENTS, LOANS FOR HALF PROFIT, APPRAISING, ETC. MISHNA /.; What is considered usury, and what is considered increase? If one lends a " sela" (four dinars) to get five, or two "saahs" wheat for three, this is prohibited, because it is biting. And what is considered increase? One buys wheat, a "kur" for a golden dinar (twenty-five silver dinars), which is the market price, and the price of wheat advances to thirty silver dinars; the buyer then requires his wheat, which he desires to sell, and buy wine for it. The seller said: "I accept the wheat for thirty dinars, and you shall have to get wine from me according to the present market price," but he has not wine ready for delivery; this is an unlawful increase. GEMARA: In leaving out usury, which is biblical, and explaining increase, which is rabbinical only (which is the matter of an exchange), it may be deduced that, biblically, " usury " and "increase" are one and the same thing; and yet both expressions are mentioned in the same sentence Deut. xxiii. 20]: "Usury of money, and increase of victuals?" SaidRabha: There is indeed not a case of " usury " without an "increase," and vice versa. The Scripture, however, mentioned purposely Neshekh (biting) and Tarbeth (increase), to teach us that there are two negative commandments for usury. The rabbis taught: It is written Levi., xxv. 37]: "Thou shalt not give him thy money upon usury, nor lend him thy victuals for increase." There is mentioned only usury of money, and an increase of victuals; whence we know that even the negative commandment of usury is to be applied on victuals also? There it is said Deut., xxiii. 20]: M5 "Usury of victuals." Whence the negative comman...
|Book:||New Edition of the Babylonian Talmud (Volume 12); Tract Baba Metzia|
|Author:||Michael Levi Rodkinson|
|Number of Pages:||00074|
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