Purchase includes free access to book updates online and a free trial membership in the publisher's book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Chapters: Pan Flute, Lyre, Water Organ, Barbiton, Salpinx, Aulos, Cithara, Epigonion, Crotalum, Pandura, Trigonon, Phorminx. Excerpt: An aulos (Greek, plural, auloi) or tibia (Latin ) was an ancient Greek musical instrument . Different kinds of instruments bore the name, including a single pipe without a reed called the monaulos (, from "single"), and a single pipe held horizontally, as the modern flute, called the plagiaulos (, from "sideways"), but the most common variety must have been a reed instrument. Archeological finds and other evidence indicate that it was usually double-reeded, like an oboe, although simple variants with a single clarinet reed cannot be ruled out. Although sometimes embraced, not unlike the lyre, by aristocrats with sufficient leisure to practice it, from the later fifth century on the aulos became chiefly associated with professional musicians, often slaves. The aulos accompanied a wide range of Greek activities: it was present at sacrifices, dramas and even wrestling matches, for the broad jump, the discus throw, sailor's dances on triremes . Plato associates it with the ecstatic cults of Dionysus and the Korybantes . In his writings, Plato banned the aulos from his Republic but reintroduced it in "Laws." Marsyas In mythology, Marsyas the satyr or "papa selenus" was supposed to have invented the aulos, or else picked it up after Athena had thrown it away because it caused her cheeks to puff out and ruined her beauty. In any case, he challenged Apollo to a musical contest, where the winner would be able to "do whatever he wanted" to the loser - Marsyas's expectation, typical of a satyr, was that this would be sexual in nature. But Apollo and his lyre beat Marsyas and his aulos. And since the pure lord of Delphi 's mind worked in different ways than Marsya...
|Book:||Ancient Greek Musical Instruments: Pan Flute, Lyre, Water Organ, Barbiton, Salpinx, Aulos, Cithara, Epigonion, Crotalum, Pandura, Trigonon|
|Number of Pages:||60|
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